The Dating of the New Testament

Friday, 6 April Does ‘Hovah’ really mean ‘a ruin, disaster’? Does ‘Hovah’ mean ‘a ruin, disaster’ in Strong’s Concordance? I was asked, Why do you use the name ‘Jehovah’ when ‘hovah’ in the Strong’s Concordance means ‘a ruin, disaster’. The two words only sound similar to someone blissfully ignorant of Hebrew grammar. My Laotian friend provides another example from Hebrew of how disastrous Hovah-logic can be. You might break down the word PILegesh into two words: This question almost invariably comes from people who either don’t know Hebrew or know just enough to be dangerous to themselves. I’m not putting these people down. I applaud them for trying to understand Hebrew the best they can with the limited tools available to them. This is just me venting my frustration at having to explain basic Hebrew grammatical concepts.

Anno Domini

References and Further Reading 1. Strictly speaking there was no Daoism before the literati of the Han dynasty c. So, Daoism was a retroactive grouping of ideas and writings which were already at least one to two centuries old, and which may or may not have been ancestral to various post-classical religious movements, all self-identified as daojiao “teaching of the dao” , beginning with the reception of revelations from the deified Laozi by the Celestial Masters Tianshi lineage founder, Zhang Daoling, in C.

Common Era or Current Era (CE) Bede also introduced the practice of dating years before what he supposed was the year of birth of Jesus, since its sponsors perceive BCE/CE notation to “deny the historical basis” of the dating system. Conventions in style guides.

A comparative survey of churches and religions – AD 30 to ,” there are 19 major world religions which are subdivided into a total of large religious groups, and many smaller ones. Expecting followers of other religions to imply this status for Yeshua can create ill feeling. We receive many Emails each week from visitors to our web site.

The former Emailers are generally secular, non-Christian, or liberal Christian; the latter are almost all conservative Protestants. Simultaneously, many secularists and non-Christians feel under attack from conservative Protestants. This conflict becomes particularly serious during Christmas time.


This post has already been read times! According to the legends in the Ramayana , the great Hindu epic poem, it was …built by the Vanara ape men army of Lord Rama in Hindu theology with instructions from Nala, which he used to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the Rakshasa king, Ravana. At high tide, the water is about 12 feet 4m deep on average apparently it ranges from 1m up to 10m deep in some places.

BCE (Before Common Era) and BC (Before Christ) mean the same thing- previous to year 1 CE (Common Era). This is the same as the year AD 1 (Anno Domini); the latter means “in the year of the lord,” often translated as “in the year of our lord.” (It was thought when the AD dating system was created that its year 1 was the year Jesus of Nazareth was born.).

The longest continuous prophecy in the Bible is found in the 11th chapter of Daniel. It details events affecting the Jews from the 5th to the 1st centuries BCE. According to the internal dating of Daniel, it was compiled during the mid-6th century BCE. However, the prophecies found in Daniel especially chapter 11 have caused some liberal Bible scholars to assign a much later date to the book of Daniel, as this quote from The Oxford Companion to the Bible plainly demonstrates: The book of Daniel is one of the few books of the Bible that can be dated with precision.

That dating makes it the latest of all the books of the Hebrew Bible, and yet it is still early enough to have been known by the sectarian community at Qumran, which flourished between the second century BCE and 68 CE.

Human Evolution Evidence

Norte Chico in the Andes The first civilization emerged in Sumer in the southern region of Mesopotamia now part of modern day Iraq. C, Sumerian city states had collectively formed civilization , with government, religion, diversity of labor and writing. Among the city states Ur was among the most significant. The Sumerian Renaissance also developed c.

When I was a kid, I was always taught to refer to years using BC (Before Christ) and AD (Anno Domini / year of our Lord). However, I somewhat regularly hear people referring to years as in the CE (Common Era) or BCE (Before the Common Era).

They nonetheless do contain important historical information. How does the historian determine what his historical and what is legendary in them? Now I get to the harder question of how to reconstruct the life of Jesus based on these kinds of sources. Again, this is taken from my book on the historical Jesus, from I need to say up front that this is a hotly debated area of research, with some very smart and competent historians and quite a few less than competent ones expressing divergent views both about what criteria to use and about what conclusions to draw, once they agree on the criteria.

As you will see, there is a real logic behind each of them, and the logic needs to be understood for the criterion itself not to seem hopelessly arbitrary. In particular, it might help to use an analogy: He or she is trying to make a case and is expected to bear the burden of proof. As in a court of law, certain kinds of evidence are acknowledged as admissible, and witnesses must be carefully scrutinized.

How then can we go about it?


Ancient Greece Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics. The ideas of Socrates c. The sudden flowering of philosophy during that period was rooted in the ethical thought of earlier centuries.

“CE” found in this web site refers to the other meaning, the “Common Era.” This meaning for “CE” is a synonym for ” AD.” The latter is an abbreviation for ” Anno Domini ” in Latin or ” .

Equipment —you need some large pieces of paper for students to hold and write on. Create a large empty space in which you will develop the timeline and put up large notices saying BC and AD either side of the centre point. Top of the page The Activity 1. Begin with just five pupils in the timeline, two on the BC side and 3 on the AD side.

Leave a sizeable gap between the 2 BC students and the three AD students. Each of the 5 students represents a century and holds a large sheet of paper.


Historians of the 1st and 2nd century apparently never heard of Jesus Christ. Source Do 1st and 2nd century historians give us accounts of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ? In an earlier article, Did Jesus Exist or Is It All a Myth , I wrote about how it is very odd that we have no eyewitness accounts of Jesus, his life, and his teachings.

The meaning of AD is Anno Domini or Year of our Lord referring to the year of Christ’s birth. The meaning of BC is Before is a recent term. It refers to Common Era and is used in place of A.D. the dates are the same i.e., AD is means Before Common Era.. For example BC is .

What is the Shroud of Turin? What do you know about the Shroud? What is your experience with the Shroud? The Shroud of Turin is a large rectangular woven cloth, approximately 14 ft by 3. It appears to show the front and rear images of a naked man and is alleged by some to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ. It is owned by the Catholic Church and stored in the cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Turin, Italy, hence its name. It is rarely on display to the public. While some Christians vouch for its authenticity, many do not.

Even the Vatican won’t say it’s authentic, which is in itself instructive. The provenance or history of past ownership of the Shroud of Turin can only be traced back to the 14th century, around CE [1]. It turned up in the possession of a soldier of fortune who could not or would not say how he acquired the most holy relic in all of Christendom.

Alternate historical chronology

Table of Contents I. A scientific overview for the end of II. Mayan calendars and Mayan binary codes III. More clues of various kinds IV.

Historical background of the use of “CE” and “BCE” to identify dates. He did not use the notation to date historical events. “Dionysius implied, but never stated, that Jesus was born 25 December 1 BC.” dating according to a Christian era is irrelevant.

This belief in long ages for the earth and the existence of life is derived largely from radiometric dating. These long time periods are computed by measuring the ratio of daughter to parent substance in a rock and inferring an age based on this ratio. This age is computed under the assumption that the parent substance say, uranium gradually decays to the daughter substance say, lead , so the higher the ratio of lead to uranium, the older the rock must be.

Of course, there are many problems with such dating methods, such as parent or daughter substances entering or leaving the rock, as well as daughter product being present at the beginning. Here I want to concentrate on another source of error, namely, processes that take place within magma chambers. To me it has been a real eye opener to see all the processes that are taking place and their potential influence on radiometric dating.

Radiometric dating is largely done on rock that has formed from solidified lava. Lava properly called magma before it erupts fills large underground chambers called magma chambers.

BC and 629 five minutes or less