See Article History Alternative Titles: Euskara language, Euskera language Basque language, also called Euskara or Euskera, language isolate, the only remnant of the languages spoken in southwestern Europe before the region was Romanized in the 2nd through 1st century bce. The Basque language is predominantly used in an area comprising approximately 3, square miles 10, square kilometres in Spain and France. There are also significant numbers of Basque speakers elsewhere in Europe and in the Americas. Although few statistics are available, the number of speakers, who are largely bilingual , was estimated in the early 21st century to be approaching one million. The Basques derived their self-name, Euskaldunak, from Euskara, the ethnonym for the language. The Basque language attained official status for a short period —37 during the Spanish Civil War. Origins and classification The 19th-century philologist Louis-Lucien Bonaparte discerned eight modern dialects of Basque.
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Vitoria Vitoria-Gasteiz, founded towards the end of the 12th century, is today a city of exceptional urban design. From here, the city harmonically unfolds into the Romantic new suburbs, a network of wide avenues, gardens, and buildings that are a reminder of the grandeur and stateliness of Vitoria. In addition, Vitoria enjoys an intense cultural life, as evidenced year after year by its most renowned event: Its traditional, delicious recipes —based on fresh orchard products and always accompanied by a unique Basque wine— will not disappoint.
Soon, a flourishing vocation for crafts began to emerge in the village.
Bilbao History Facts and Timeline (Bilbao, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain) Located on the banks of the Nervión River, Bilbao is the capital of the Biscay province of the Basque country and has a recorded history dating back to the very beginning of the 14th century.
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Basque Country (greater region)
Since that time it has been an important commercial centre, mainly based around the port and its associated exports. In the 19th century, the industrial revolution led Bilbao to become one of the biggest and most noteworthy manufacturing centres in the whole of Spain. Ancient Origins Ancient burial sites which date back more than 6, years have been discovered in the region.
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It is unknown whether Vascones spoke an old form of the Basque language. Surviving place names and a few personal names tend to suggest they spoke old Basque, but we cannot be sure. Equally uncertain is whether the previous inhabitants of the modern Basque territory – the Varduli, Caristii, and Autrigones – were related tribes. Some researchers, based on the meager historical evidence we possess, think that they were Celtiberian peoples, speaking languages not related to old Basque.
In fact, the best evidence for a Basque-related language is in Gascony in southwestern of France, where the local Aquitanians spoke a language which may be related to Basque. This extinct Aquitanian language should not be confused with Occitan, a Romance language spoken in Aquitaine since the beginning of the Middle Ages.
History of the Basque people It is thought that Basques are a remnant of the early inhabitants of Western Europe, specifically those of the Franco-Cantabrian region. Basque tribes were already mentioned in Roman times by Strabo and Pliny , including the Vascones , the Aquitani and others. There is enough evidence that they already spoke Basque in that time see: In the Early Middle Ages the territory between the Ebro and Garonne rivers was known as Vasconia , being united under the Castilian noblesse.
After Muslim invasions and Frankish expansion under Charlemagne , the territory was fragmented and eventually the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Pamplona arose as the main states with Basque population in the ninth century.
• Basque in the Afterglow – Bakersfield has some of the best Basque food outside of the Pyrenees, and none better than the Noriega family-style service lends an intimate feel, and the food itself nourishes all the senses with its bright, earthy, sweet and salty palette, crisp and creamy textures, and intoxicating aroma.
Euskera is the most distinctive language spoken in Spain. Until the end of the 19th century, Euskera was spoken mostly in the countryside, and, unlike the other peninsular… Origins and classification The 19th-century philologist Louis-Lucien Bonaparte discerned eight modern dialects of Basque. Dialectal division is not strong enough to mask the common origin of these speech forms or to totally preclude mutual understanding.
The German philologist Hugo Schuchardt — posited a genetic connection between Basque, Iberian the long-extinct language of the ancient inscriptions of eastern Spain and of the Mediterranean coast of France , and the Afro-Asiatic languages. Despite amazing coincidences in phonology , Basque has so far contributed little to the understanding of the Iberian texts. This suggests that the similarity in sound systems may have resulted from close contact between Basques and Iberians and not from a genetic linguistic relationship.
Some common features, however, do suggest a relationship between Basque and the Caucasian languages. History of the language At the beginning of the Common Era, dialects of Euskarian Basque stock were probably spoken north and south of the Pyrenees and as far east as the Aran Valley in northeastern Spain. It is likely that only the disruption of Roman administration in these regions saved the Basque dialects from being completely overcome by Latin.
It is also likely that the Basque tongue, which had a firm foothold in the country that then began to be called Vasconia , experienced a substantial expansion toward the southwest, which carried it to the Rioja Alta High Rioja region in Old Castile and near Burgos. The more eastern Basque dialects, separated from the main area by speakers of Romance languages , were less fortunate.
The Basque Country is at the epicenter of arguably the most important cave complex in Europe, an area framed by the world famous caves of Lascaux , Dordogne in southwestern France and Altamira , Cantabria, in northern Spain. Their designation as World Heritage Sites implied official international recognition for the cultural value of the cave art discovered in the three sites. In order to preserve the cave art in these locations, they are, naturally, closed to the public.
However, we can still get a flavor of what treasures lie deep within their walls. And when it comes to Ekain, as well as the option of a virtual visit click here to start , those of you lucky enough to actually set foot in the Basque Country congratulations by the way, it will be an unforgettable experience!
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6 Reasons Basque Food Is Taking the Culinary World by Storm
To me it just exudes sexiness, fun and intrigue. Txakolina is the perfect wine for the summer, in fact it is the most popular wine in Basque Country during the hot summer months. This relatively undiscovered wine is primarily all consumed in Basque region, though you can find it sold in small quantities in the United States, and virtually impossible to find elsewhere around the globe. I love discovering and trying unusual and rare wines and if you do too, then Txakolina will be your drink of choice in the summer months.
Basque Country has its own unique history, culture, language and wine.
The Basques (Basque: euskaldunak, Spanish: vascos) are the native people of the Basque Country (Basque: Euskal Herria).. The Basques as an ethnic group primarily inhabit an area traditionally known as the Basque Country, a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-eastern Spain and south-western France.
This explains the Roman pun at the expense of the Aquitanians ancestors of the Gascons: Beati Hispani quibus vivere bibere est, which translates as “Blessed are the Spaniards , for whom living is drinking. Roman period Several coins from the 1st and 2nd centuries BC found in the north of Spain bear the inscription barscunes written in the Iberian alphabet. The place where they were minted is not certain but is thought to be somewhere near Pamplona in the heartland of the area that historians believe was inhabited by the Vascones.
In modern Basque, Basques call themselves euskaldunak, singular euskaldun, formed from euskal- i. Not all Basques are Basque-speakers, and not all Basque speakers are Basques; foreigners who have learned Basque can also be called euskaldunak. Therefore the neologism euskotar, plural euskotarrak, was coined in the nineteenth century to mean an ethnically Basque person whether Basque-speaking or not.
These Basque words are all derived from euskara, the Basque name for the Basque language. Alfonso Irigoyen claimed that the word euskara comes from an ancient Basque verb enautsi “to say” cf.
See Article History Alternative Titles: In the late 20th century probably about , true Basques lived in Spain and , in France; as many as , Basques may live in emigrant communities outside Europe, mostly in South America and the United States. In physique the Basques are not notably different from the other peoples of western Europe; their language, however, is not Indo-European see Basque language. The land inhabited by the Basques has a mild and damp climate and is largely hilly and wooded.
It contains mines of iron ore, which early on favoured the development of industries, particularly shipbuilding. The Basques traditionally farmed small holdings of bottom land and carefully tended slopes of grass, which they cut by hand and fed to stabled cows.
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Its name refers to the medieval charters, the Fueros of Navarre. The Spanish Constitution of states that Navarre may become a part of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country if it was so decided by its people and institutions. To date, the results of regional elections have shown a clear rejection of this option. The ruling Navarrese People’s Union has repeatedly asked for an amendment to the Constitution to remove this clause. As emphasized by Jean Goyhenetche, it would be more accurate to depict it as the reunion of five entities: History of the Basque people According to some theories, Basques may be the least assimilated remnant of the Paleolithic inhabitants of Western Europe specifically those of the Franco-Cantabrian region known as Azilian to the Indo-European migrations.
Basque tribes were mentioned by Greek writer Strabo and Roman writer Pliny , including the Vascones , the Aquitani and others. There is considerable evidence to show their Basque ethnicity in Roman times in the form of place-names, Caesar’s reference to their customs and physical make-up, the so-called Aquitanian inscriptions recording names of people and gods approx.